Creating a communication port

Let us write a complete example of communication ports in Jolie:


type SumRequest: void {
    .number [ 2, * ]: int

interface SumInterface {
    RequestResponse: sum( SumRequest )( int )

SumInterface declaration.

include "sumInterface.ol"

inputPort SumInput {
    Location: "socket://localhost:8000/"
    Protocol: soap
    Interfaces: SumInterface

SumInput port declaration.

Using communications ports

Once defined, ports can be used for input and output communications. Below we present the syntax of one-way and request-response operations used in the behaviour part for sending (output) and receiving (input) messages.

Input operations

Receiving one-way operations receive a message and store its content into the provided variable.

operation_name( response )

On the other hand, request-response operations receive a message, do some processing and eventually return back a response. Therefore receiving request-response operations are associated to a scope that contains the code block executed before sending the content of the response variable - the variable provided as argument of the second pair of round brackets.

operation_name( request )( response ){
    // code block

Output operations

Sending one-way operations are similar to receiving ones although their syntax indicates also the port on which they execute their output.

operation_name@OutputPort_Name( request )

Analogously, also sending request-response operations indicate the port used to send their message. As for sending one-ways no code block is associated with the receiving operation as it simply sends a message and wait until it receives a response from the requested service.

operation_name@OutputPort_Name( request )( response )

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